Palacio de bellas artes

History of Palacio de bellas artes at Mexico city

The Palace of Fine Arts was built between 1904 and 1934 on the plans of the Italian architect Adamo Boari. The duration of the construction is explained by the intermediary of the revolution (1910-1920), the political instability and by the instability of the ground on which this heavy building is built. The exterior is of Art Nouveau style, an expression of the rejection of academicism and the rigor of functional architecture, through the use of colors and curved lines; in the upper part, this style is expressed in the colors of the cupolas and in the lower part by the multiplicity of curves. The Art Deco style of the interior is expressed in its stained glass, its many paintings and sculptures, its furniture; he is less free than the Art Nouveau style, against which he reacts, returning again to conventional patterns and more rigor: symmetries, classical orders, geometric forms, ordered structures. The numerous "Murales" exhibited in the palace are by Diego Rivera, Rufino Tamayo, David Alfaro Siqueiros and José Clemente Orozco. The palace contains three theaters used for theater, opera, classical music, dance, theater; the main hall can accommodate 2000 people. It also contains the Museum of Architecture of the City and there is a showroom "Rincón del Tiempo" for exhibitions of photos and documents related to the history of the city or the country.

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