Palais du louvre
History of Palais du louvre at Paris
Based on a fortress of the 12th century under the reign of Philippe-Auguste, with a dungeon of 31m of height which was already called the Louvre, expanded under Philippe le Bel, "le Louvre" become a royal residence under Charles V. Damaged during the 100 years war, François I is at the origin of its reconstruction, destroying the primitive dungeon and delegates to Pierre Lescot the design of a squared court. In 1550, Henri II initiates the construction of the "pavillon du Roi" where lived all of the sovereigns until Louis XIV. The Palais des Tuileries is commanded by Catherine de Medicis who will demand the garden to be designed "à la française". Henri IV in 1601, unites the 2 palaces by "la Grande Galerie du bord de l'Eau" (the great gallery along the river). Louis XIII multiplies by 4 the size of the edifice on the advice of Richelieu who installed there the royal printing house (including money) in the Grande Gallerie (great gallery). Louis XIV transferred the royal residence at the Chateau de Versailles leaving the Louvre. Colbert, responsible of the king's buildings, delegates to André le Notre the design of the gardens and colonnades facing the exterior. In 1791, the Parliement vote the installation of a museum, Napoleon III will give it its definitive form with the collaboration of architects such as Visconti and Lefuel.
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